AMS Reloaded

User-led approaches to affordable residential adaptive re-use of heritage buildings in Amsterdam.

This project contributes to developing innovative metropolitan solutions to solve a series of challenges:

• Worsening housing affordability in cities: There is a mismatch of demand and supply for housing, as more people move to Amsterdam, and housing costs increase. At the same time, the government is pulling back and liberalizing the housing market, and low and even middle incomes are forced out of central areas.

• Sustainable adaptive re-use of urban heritage: Whereas 80% of the real estate needed for the next century is already built, sustainability measures still tend to focus mainly on new-build. At the same time, vacancy of heritage buildings leads to its dilapidation and demolition. Book values are too high, deferred maintenance is depreciating the use value, maintenance costs are too high and adaptive re-use is hindered by laws and regulations.

• Insufficient involvement of users in adaptive re-use: the value that user involvement can bring throughout the process of adaptive re-use is often hindered, for example, by user’s lack of technical knowledge about financing, the planning system, partnership possibilities and adaptive re-use. This calls for a study and strategy on obstacles and enablers to implement multi-stakeholder approaches that include users as key actors in adaptive re-use processes.

Approach
Combining the above three challenges presents the opportunity for a ‘triple-win’ scenario, where heritage rehabilitation, sustainable building adaptation and housing affordability can be achieved by means of an integrated action strategy:

A baseline study identifies key stakeholders, obstacles and enablers for the development of adaptive re-use of heritage buildings for residential purposes in Amsterdam. The baseline study is used to build up a framework for the development of innovative business, governance, financing and partnership models for adaptive re-use of heritage, aimed at affordable housing. This framework is designed and tested on a pilot project in Amsterdam, both theoretically (through a multi-stakeholder validation seminar) and potentially, empirically (through implementation of a local action plan). This local action plan is drawn up for the development of a concrete project of adaptive re-use of heritage buildings for residential purposes in Amsterdam, including a user-led approach. The final report presents the research results, conclusions and recommendations and the replication and upscaling potential, nationally and internationally.

Objectives
1. Establishing a diagnosis of the baseline situation regarding the main problems, obstacles and enablers for the adaptive re-use of heritage buildings in Amsterdam;
2. Identifying and bringing together key stakeholders for the development of a user-led process of adaptive re-use of heritage buildings in Amsterdam;
3. Designing a framework for the development of business, governance and financing models to enable user-led adaptive re-use of heritage buildings;
4. Proposing a local action plan to test the above framework using Amsterdam as a test case.

Project duration: October 1st, 2016 – September 2017.

Partners: TU Delft; Nationaal Restauratiefonds; Rabobank (FGH); European Investment Bank (EIB); Ymere; Crimson Historians

Project Leaders
1. Dr Hilde Remøy, MSc PhD, Associate Professor
TU Delft / Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment
Department of Management in the Built Environment
H.T.Remoy@tudelft.nl

2. Dr Darinka Czischke, B.A. MSc PhD, Assistant Professor
TU Delft / Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment
Department of Management in the Built Environment
D.K.Czischke@tudelft.nl

Contact person: Dr Hilde Remøy, MSc PhD, Associate Professor
TU Delft / Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment
Department of Management in the Built Environment
H.T.Remoy@tudelft.nl, +31 6 392 51 229

This is an AMS Stimulus Project. The aim of Stimulus Projects is to give new and existing AMS partners support to innovative research that has a strong upscaling potential. Hence, outputs can act as a catalyst of new solution directions, concepts or approaches.