Greening the city is considered as one of the most promising measures to adapt to climate change, e.g. to prevent negative impact from higher temperature and more intensive rainfall events in summer. However, practical guidelines for city planners and architects are not available.

This study builds upon scientifically proven concepts (e.g. HvA projects ‘REALCOOL‘ and ‘De Klimaatbestendige Stad’, WUR PPP-projects ‘The Green Agenda’ and ‘Ecosystem Services of Trees and Urban Green’ and the thesis ‘Clever and Cool’ by Wiebke Klemm) and translates findings into guidelines for planning and design of urban public spaces. Guidelines and prototype designs will be developed for different types of urban areas, and the positive effects of greening will be quantified using i-Tree and ENVI-met (holistic microclimate model) modeling tools.

The guidelines and prototype designs will be developed in co-creation with city planners and horticultural firms, and will be tested and fine-tuned using a participatory research through design approach in cases in urban areas where actually (re)development plans are being made in the coming years.

  • February 2019 - February 2023