In the Netherlands, where public transport offers a good alternative to traveling by car, the first metro trains began operating in July 2018 along the new Noord/Zuidlijn under the center of Amsterdam. The metro line is expected to move 121.000 passengers daily by 2030 while the number of people is expected to grow by 35 percent in the urban area of Amsterdam by then. The metro line thereby presents a large-scale solution and research opportunity.
At one end, the train ends at Amsterdam Zuid station for now, yet plans exist to expand the metro line to Schiphol airport in 2028. This hinges on the construction of more than one train track and a budget starting at 1,5 billion euro. At the other end, in Amsterdam Noord, the metro line projects into a neighborhood that experiences the changes with mixed feelings. For instance, paid parking near metro stations was introduced and prices for properties and daily consumed goods will change for long-term local residents.
At the same time, the metro line and its 8 stops create new opportunities and serve as catalysts for new developments in adjacent neighborhoods. AMS Institute along with partners at the city level of Amsterdam, from public transport stakeholders and several universities and knowledge institutes in the metropolitan area convened for a research project. The “Impact Analysis of the Noord/Zuidlijn” set out to cover 4 research areas:
- Public Transport: How does the Noord/Zuidlijn affect the service offer of Amsterdam’s public transport? Who uses the Noord/Zuidlijn? What is the impact of the existing public transport?
- Mobility & Accessibility: What is the impact on the entire transport system in the region of Amsterdam? What is the impact on multimodal transport nodes and neighborhoods in Amsterdam? How is the changed accessibility of Amsterdam experienced and what changes for the Noord/Zuidlijn?
- Area Development & Public Space: How do spaces nearby to the metro station develop? How does the public space nearby the metro stations change?
- Spatial Economy: What are travel times in the urban area of Amsterdam and how do they change due to the Noord/Zuidlijn? How does the Noord/Zuidlijn impact property prices in nearby locations? How are jobs and employees affected? What is the impact on households and companies and what does this mean for the job market?